Does Positive Perception of Oneself Boost Learning Motivation and Performance?
International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Volume 20 Number 3
15 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2014
Date Written: September 2012
We examine whether core self-evaluations (CSEs) affect learning motivation and performance beyond individual-level established predictors of general mental ability and conscientiousness. Based on self-regulation theories, we develop and test a process model, whereby learning motivation mediates the effects of CSE on performance. We also compare the explanatory value of single and multidimensional models of learning motivation. Using a longitudinal design and data from 631 students, we provide support for the proposed model, indicating the usefulness of CSE as another important, indirect predictor of performance in a learning setting via multiple dimensions of learning motivation: self-efficacy, goal setting, and goal commitment. The results also indicate the superiority of the multidimensional model of learning motivation over the unidimensional model of learning motivation as a mediator. We conclude with the discussion of theoretical and practical implications of this finding for management education.
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