Developing Executive Leaders: The Relative Contribution of Cognitive Ability, Personality, and the Accumulation of Work Experience in Predicting Strategic Thinking Competency

Personnel Psychology 2011, 64, 829-864

37 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2014

See all articles by Lisa Dragoni

Lisa Dragoni

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Paul Vankatwyk

PDI Ninth House

Paul E. Tesluk

University of Maryland

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

We conceptually define and empirically investigate the accumulation of work experience — a concept that refers to the extent to which executives have amassed varied levels of roles and responsibilities (i.e., contributor, manager, lead strategist) in each of the key work activities that they have encountered over the course of their careers. In studying executives’ work experience accumulation, we consider key antecedents such as executives’ cognitive ability and personality traits, namely Extraversion and Openness to Experience, and examine the value of work experience accumulation on executives’ strategic thinking competency. Analyses of multi-source data from 703 executives revealed 3 key findings: (a) accumulated work experience positively relates to executives’ strategic thinking competency after controlling for individual characteristics and other measures of work experience; (b) executives’ cognitive ability demonstrates the strongest and most positive relationship to executives’ strategic thinking competency; and (c) extraverted executives tend to achieve higher levels of work experience accumulation. Relative weight analyses also indicated that cognitive ability and accumulated work experience are the 2 most important predictors for executives’ strategic thinking competency among the other predictors. These findings are discussed in light of their practical implications.

Suggested Citation

Dragoni, Lisa and Oh, In-Sue and Vankatwyk, Paul and Tesluk, Paul E., Developing Executive Leaders: The Relative Contribution of Cognitive Ability, Personality, and the Accumulation of Work Experience in Predicting Strategic Thinking Competency (2011). Personnel Psychology 2011, 64, 829-864. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2401102

Lisa Dragoni

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States

In-Sue Oh (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Paul Vankatwyk

PDI Ninth House

Chicago, IL
United States

Paul E. Tesluk

University of Maryland ( email )

College Park
College Park, MD 20742
United States

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