Fit Happens Globally: A Meta-Analytic Comparison of the Relationships of Person-Environment Fit Dimensions with Work Attitudes and Performance Across East Asia, Europe, and North America

Personnel Psychology 2014, 67, 99-152

Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 14-013

55 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2014 Last revised: 31 Dec 2016

See all articles by In‐Sue Oh

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Russell P. Guay

University of Northern Iowa

Kwanghyun Kim

Korea University Business School

Crystal Harold

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Lee ljh JongHyun

Ajou University

Chang-Goo Heo

Daegu University

Kanghyun Shin

Ajou University, College of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

In this cross-cultural meta-analysis, we examine the relationships between person-environment [P-E] fit and work attitudes (organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and intent to quit) as well as job performance based on 96 studies (110 independent samples) conducted in East Asia, Europe, and North America. We compare the results across cultures while focusing on 4 dimensions of P-E fit (person-job fit, person-organization fit, person-group fit, and person-supervisor fit) separately and jointly. Findings suggest that the effects of rational fit (person-organization and person-job fit) are (relatively) stronger in North America and, to a lesser extent, Europe than in East Asia. However, the effects of relational fit (person-group and person-supervisor fit) are (relatively) stronger in East Asia than in North America. This highlights that in collectivistic and high power distance (vs. individualistic and low power distance) cultures, relational (vs. rational) fit is more salient in influencing employees’ perceptions about their work environments. Results are less clear concerning job performance. What is common across cultures is that, regardless of which dimension of P-E fit is being considered, fit happens and high levels of fit lead to positive outcomes, confirming the universal relevance of fit phenomenon.

Suggested Citation

Oh, In-Sue and Guay, Russell P. and Kim, Kwanghyun and Harold, Crystal and JongHyun, Lee ljh and Heo, Chang-Goo and Shin, Kanghyun, Fit Happens Globally: A Meta-Analytic Comparison of the Relationships of Person-Environment Fit Dimensions with Work Attitudes and Performance Across East Asia, Europe, and North America (2013). Personnel Psychology 2014, 67, 99-152; Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 14-013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2401145

In-Sue Oh (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Russell P. Guay

University of Northern Iowa

Kwanghyun Kim

Korea University Business School ( email )

145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-Gu
Seoul, 02841
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
+82-2-3290-2625 (Phone)

Crystal Harold

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Lee ljh JongHyun

Ajou University ( email )

Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Chang-Goo Heo

Daegu University ( email )

Jinrang, Gyeongsan, Gyeongsangbuk
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Kanghyun Shin

Ajou University, College of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology

Suwon
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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