The Research-Practice Gap in Human Resource Management: A Cross-Cultural Study

Human Resource Management, 2014, DOI: 10.1002/hrm.21656

Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 14-020

56 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2014 Last revised: 31 Dec 2016

See all articles by Aino Tenhiälä

Aino Tenhiälä

Aalto University - Industrial Engineering and Management

Tamara Giluk

Xavier University - Williams College of Business Administration

Sven Kepes

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) - Department of Management

Cristina Simón

Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L.

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Seongsu Kim

Seoul National University - College of Business Administration

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

In this study, we examine the cross-cultural differences in human resource (HR) managers’ beliefs in effective HR practices by surveying HR practitioners in Finland (N=86), South Korea (N=147), and Spain (N=196). Similar to previous studies from the U.S., the Netherlands, and Australia, there are large discrepancies between HR practitioner beliefs and research findings, particularly in the area of staffing. In addition, we find that interpersonal-oriented aspects of HR practices tend to be more culturally bound than technical-oriented aspects of HR practices. We interpret the differences using Hofstede’s cultural dimensions (Power Distance, Individualism versus Collectivism, Masculinity versus Femininity, Long-Term Orientation versus Short-Term Orientation, and Uncertainty Avoidance). We discuss the overall nature of the science-practice gap in HR management, and the implications for evidence-based management.

Keywords: Evidence-based management, HR practices, Cross-cultural comparison, International HR

Suggested Citation

Tenhiälä, Aino and Giluk, Tamara and Kepes, Sven and Simón, Cristina and Oh, In-Sue and Kim, Seongsu, The Research-Practice Gap in Human Resource Management: A Cross-Cultural Study (2013). Human Resource Management, 2014, DOI: 10.1002/hrm.21656; Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 14-020. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2401191

Aino Tenhiälä

Aalto University - Industrial Engineering and Management ( email )

POB 9500
02015, Aalto 00076
Finland

Tamara Giluk

Xavier University - Williams College of Business Administration ( email )

3800 Victory Parkway
Cincinnati, OH 45207
United States

Sven Kepes

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) - Department of Management ( email )

Richmond, VA 23284
United States

Cristina Simón

Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. ( email )

Mª Molina 11, 13, 15
Madrid, 28006
Spain
915689749 (Phone)

In-Sue Oh (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Seongsu Kim

Seoul National University - College of Business Administration ( email )

1 Kwanakro Kwanakgu
59-707
Seoul, 08826
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
+82-2-880-8797 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://gsb.snu.ac.kr

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