Transformational Leadership and Performance Across Criteria and Levels: A Meta-Analytic Review of 25 Years of Research

Group & Organization Management 36(2) 223-270

49 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2014

See all articles by Wang Gang

Wang Gang

University of Iowa

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Stephen Courtright

University of Iowa

Amy Colbert

University of Iowa

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

Although transformational leadership has been studied extensively, the magnitude of the relationship between transformational leadership and follower performance across criterion types and levels of analysis remains unclear. Based on 117 independent samples over 113 primary studies, the current metaanalytic study showed that transformational leadership was positively related to individual-level follower performance across criterion types, with a stronger relationship for contextual performance than for task performance across most study settings. In addition, transformational leadership was positively related to performance at the team and organization levels. Moreover, both meta-analytic regression and relative importance analyses consistently showed that transformational leadership had an augmentation effect over transactional leadership (contingent reward) in predicting individual-level contextual performance and team-level performance. Contrary to our expectation, however, no augmentation effect of transformational leadership over contingent reward was found in predicting individual-level task performance. Instead, contingent reward explained incremental variance in individual-level task performance beyond that explained by transformational leadership.

Keywords: transformational leadership, meta-analysis, performance

Suggested Citation

Gang, Wang and Oh, In-Sue and Courtright, Stephen and Colbert, Amy, Transformational Leadership and Performance Across Criteria and Levels: A Meta-Analytic Review of 25 Years of Research (2011). Group & Organization Management 36(2) 223-270. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2401197

Wang Gang

University of Iowa ( email )

341 Schaeffer Hall
Iowa City, IA 52242-1097
United States

In-Sue Oh (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Stephen Courtright

University of Iowa

341 Schaeffer Hall
Iowa City, IA 52242-1097
United States

Amy Colbert

University of Iowa ( email )

341 Schaeffer Hall
Iowa City, IA 52242-1097
United States

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