Impact of Gender and Academic Performance Differences on Financial Literacy
33 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2014
Date Written: February 27, 2014
This paper studies the effects of gender and academic performance differences on overall financial literacy using a sample of 380 college students. Exploratory estimates using a series of Probit and Ordered Probit models indicate that academic performance – measured by GPA – and gender are significant determinants in observed differences across individuals relating to their financial literacy. In particular, our exploratory results provide robust evidence indicating that females are significantly much more likely to hold lower overall levels of financial literacy than males. Also, we find a strong positive relationship in favor of those holding the highest GPA to demonstrate a significantly much higher level of financial literacy than otherwise. Therefore female students holding lower GPA scores are ill equipped to successfully conduct efficient financial decisions. Also, empirical evidence from our sample indicates that people report higher levels of self-assessed financial literacy vis-à-vis actual financial literacy. Our results make evident an issue of great concern.
Keywords: Financial Literacy, Gender, and Academic Performance
JEL Classification: I21, J160, I22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation