Stock Market Liberalization and Innovation
61 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2014 Last revised: 14 Dec 2020
Date Written: December 2, 2019
We investigate the effect of stock market liberalization on technological innovation. Using a sample of 20 economies that experience stock market liberalization, we find that these economies exhibit a higher level of innovation output after liberalization, and this effect is disproportionately stronger in more innovative industries. The relaxation of financial constraints, enhanced risk-sharing between domestic and foreign investors, and improved corporate governance are three plausible channels that allow stock market liberalization to promote innovation. Finally, we show that technological innovation is a mechanism through which stock market liberalization affects productivity growth and therefore economic growth. Our paper provides new insights into the real effects of stock market liberalization on productivity growth and the economy.
Keywords: stock market liberalization; innovation; equity financing; risk sharing; corporate governance
JEL Classification: G15; O30; F63
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