The Endless Transition: A 'Triple Helix' of University Industry Government Relations

Minerva 36(3) (1998) 203-208

7 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2014

See all articles by Henry Etzkowitz

Henry Etzkowitz

Stanford University - H-STAR Institute

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

Date Written: March 3, 2014

Abstract

Newly industrializing, de industrializing and re industrializing nations, somewhat to their surprise, find that they share a mutual interest in fostering knowledge based economic and social developments requiring the creation of boundary spanning mechanisms. Despite their quite different developmental histories, a broad spectrum of societies, formerly conceptualized under the divergent rubrics of the first, second, and third worlds, have formulated innovation strategies based upon the deliberate elaboration of academic industry relations through reflexive science, technology, and innovation policies.

Suggested Citation

Etzkowitz, Henry and Leydesdorff, Loet, The Endless Transition: A 'Triple Helix' of University Industry Government Relations (March 3, 2014). Minerva 36(3) (1998) 203-208, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2403723

Henry Etzkowitz

Stanford University - H-STAR Institute ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Loet Leydesdorff (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) ( email )

PO Box 15793
Amsterdam, 1001 NG
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.leydesdorff.net

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