Health Care Workers’ Risk Perceptions of Personal and Work Activities and Willingness to Report for Work During an Influenza Pandemic

34 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2014

See all articles by Georges Dionne

Georges Dionne

HEC Montreal - Department of Finance

Denise Desjardins

University of Montreal - Center for Research on Transportation

Martin Lebeau

HEC Montreal - Department of Finance

Stéphane Messier

HEC Montreal

André Dascal

McGill University

Date Written: February 11, 2014

Abstract

The ability and willingness of health care workers to report for work during a pandemic are essential to pandemic response. The main contribution of this article is to examine the relationship between risk perception of personal and work activities and willingness to report for work during an influenza pandemic. Data were collected through a quantitative Web-based survey sent to health care workers on the island of Montreal. Respondents were asked about their perception of various risks to obtain index measures of risk perception. A multinomial logit model was applied for the probability estimations, and a factor analysis was conducted to compute risk perception indexes (scores). Risk perception associated with personal and work activities is a significant predictor of intended presence at work during an influenza pandemic. The average predicted probability of being at work during the worst scenario of an influenza pandemic is 46% for all workers in the sample, 36% for those overestimating risk in personal and work activities (95% CI: 35%-37%), 53% for those underestimating risk in work activities (95% CI: 52%-54%), and 49% for those underestimating risk of personal activities (95% CI: 48%-50%). When given an opportunity to change their intentions, 45% of those who initially did not intend to report for work in the worst scenario would do so if the pandemic resulted in a severe manpower shortage. These results have not been previously reported in the literature. Many organizational variables are also significant.

Keywords: Influenza pandemic, pandemic preparedness, risk perception, reporting for work, health policy, personal and work activities.

JEL Classification: D80, D81, D83, I11, I12.

Suggested Citation

Dionne, Georges and Desjardins, Denise and Lebeau, Martin and Messier, Stéphane and Dascal, André, Health Care Workers’ Risk Perceptions of Personal and Work Activities and Willingness to Report for Work During an Influenza Pandemic (February 11, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2405674 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2405674

Georges Dionne (Contact Author)

HEC Montreal - Department of Finance ( email )

3000 Chemin de la Cote-Sainte-Catherine
Montreal, Quebec H3T 2A7
Canada
514-340-6596 (Phone)
514-340-5019 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.hec.ca/gestiondesrisques/

Denise Desjardins

University of Montreal - Center for Research on Transportation ( email )

C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7
Canada

Martin Lebeau

HEC Montreal - Department of Finance ( email )

3000 Chemin de la Cote-Sainte-Catherine
Montreal, Quebec H3T 2A7
Canada

Stéphane Messier

HEC Montreal ( email )

3000, Chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine
Montreal, Quebec H2X 2L3
Canada

André Dascal

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

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