The impact of Bolsa Família on Schooling: Girls’ Advantage Increases and Older Children Gain

36 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2014

See all articles by Alan de Brauw

Alan de Brauw

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Daniel O. Gilligan

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

John Hoddinott

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management

Shalini Roy

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: January 2014

Abstract

We estimate the impact of Bolsa Família on a range of education outcomes, including school participation, grade progression, grade repetition, and dropout rates. Using a large-sample household panel survey from 2005-2009 collected for this evaluation, we develop a statistically balanced comparison group of eligible nonparticipant households and estimate impacts using propensity-score-weighted regression. We estimate that Bolsa Família increased average school participation among all children age 6 to 17 years by (a weakly significant) 4.5 percent. It had no effect on grade promotion, on average. However, within the subsample of girls, Bolsa Família caused substantial improvements in schooling outcomes, including significant increases in school participation (8.2 percent) and rates of grade progression (10.4 percent). We show that the gains in girls’ schooling do not derive from catch-up effects, but rather increase girls’ existing advantage in schooling attainment. In general, impacts are larger among older children, in rural areas, and in the Northeast.

Keywords: Brazil, Latin America, South America, education, poverty, gender, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs, Bolsa Família

JEL Classification: I21, I38, O15

Suggested Citation

de Brauw, Alan and Gilligan, Daniel O. and Hoddinott, John and Roy, Shalini, The impact of Bolsa Família on Schooling: Girls’ Advantage Increases and Older Children Gain (January 2014). IFPRI Discussion Paper 01319, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2405714 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2405714

Alan De Brauw (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Daniel O. Gilligan

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

2033 K St., NW
Washington, DC 20006-1002
United States
202-862-8146 (Phone)
202-467-4439 (Fax)

John Hoddinott

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management ( email )

Ithaca, NY
United States

Shalini Roy

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
80
Abstract Views
692
rank
383,332
PlumX Metrics