Closing the Gender Asset Gap: Learning from Value Chain Development in Africa and Asia

28 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2014

See all articles by Agnes R. Quisumbing

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Deborah Rubin

Cultural Practice, LLC

Cristina Manfre

Cultural Practice, LLC

Elizabeth Waithanji

International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi

Mara van den Bold

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Deanna Olney

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Ruth S. Meinzen-Dick

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: February 1, 2014

Abstract

Strengthening the abilities of smallholder farmers in developing countries, particularly women farmers, to produce for both home and the market is currently a development priority. Although value chain analysis has increasingly incorporated gender issues, the intersection between women’s asset endowments and their participation in market-oriented agriculture receives minimal attention. This paper explores initial findings from four case studies in the Gender, Agriculture, and Assets Project on changes in gender relations in different agricultural interventions. It documents the adaptive measures projects are taking to encourage gender-equitable value chain projects. Findings suggest that the dairy and horticulture value chain cases have successfully increased the stock of both men’s and women’s tangible assets and those assets they own jointly. The projects have also increased social and human capital, particularly for women. The projects are an important first step, but other targeted support to farmers may be needed to promote acquisition of the physical assets required to expand agribusinesses and to enter other nodes of the value chain. Further, successful value chain operations influence how people accumulate assets and the specific assets in which they are able to invest, itself a function of initial asset endowments of men, women, and households.

Keywords: gender, women, assets, agricultural development, evaluation, food security, smallholders, value chain

Suggested Citation

Quisumbing, Agnes R. and Rubin, Deborah and Manfre, Cristina and Waithanji, Elizabeth and van den Bold, Mara and Olney, Deanna and Meinzen-Dick, Ruth S., Closing the Gender Asset Gap: Learning from Value Chain Development in Africa and Asia (February 1, 2014). IFPRI Discussion Paper 01321. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2405716 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2405716

Agnes R. Quisumbing (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Deborah Rubin

Cultural Practice, LLC ( email )

4300 Montgomery Avenue, Suite 305
Bethesda, MD 20814-4444
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.culturalpractice.com

Cristina Manfre

Cultural Practice, LLC ( email )

4300 Montgomery Avenue, Suite 305
Bethesda, MD 20814-4444
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.culturalpractice.com

Elizabeth Waithanji

International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi ( email )

P.O. Box 5689
Ababa
Kenya

Mara Van den Bold

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.ifpri.org

Deanna Olney

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Ruth S. Meinzen-Dick

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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