Remittances and Child Labour in Africa: Evidence from Burkina Faso

29 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2014

See all articles by Olivier Bargain

Olivier Bargain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University College Dublin (UCD)

Delphine Boutin

EDHEC Business School

Abstract

TThis paper explores the effects of remittance receipt on child labour in an African context. We focus on Burkina Faso, a country with a high prevalence of child labour and a high rate of migration. Given the complex relationship between remittance receipt and household time allocation decisions, we instrument remittances using economic conditions in remittance-sending countries and explore heterogeneous effects across different types of potential remitters. While remittances have no significant effect on child labour on average, transfers reduce child labour in long-term migrant households, for whom the disruptive effect of migration is no longer felt. We find no gender difference but remittances seem to affect mainly the labour market participation of younger children.

Keywords: remittances, migration, child labour, Africa

JEL Classification: F24, I25, J22

Suggested Citation

Bargain, Olivier and Boutin, Delphine, Remittances and Child Labour in Africa: Evidence from Burkina Faso. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2406329

Olivier Bargain (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

University College Dublin (UCD) ( email )

Belfield, Dublin 4 4
Ireland
+353 1 716 8357 (Phone)
+353 1 283 0068 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucd.ie/economics/staff/obargain/obargain.htm

Delphine Boutin

EDHEC Business School ( email )

58 rue du Port
Lille, 59046
France

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