Presence of Drug Screening and Employee Assistance Programs: Exclusive and Inclusive Human Resource Management Practices

Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 15: 549-560, 1994

13 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2014

See all articles by Nathan Bennett

Nathan Bennett

Georgia Institute of Technology - Organizational Behavior Area; J. Mack Robinson College of Business

Terry Blum

Georgia Institute of Technology; Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business

Paul Roman

University of Georgia - Department of Sociology

Date Written: 1994

Abstract

Drug screening and employee assistance programs (EAPs) are human resource management practices for addressing substance abuse among employees. The two practices reflect different human resource management strategies and lead to different outcomes for employees and applicants. Drug screening is designed to exclude drug users from the workplace whereas EAPs offer them ‘rehabilitation’. Characteristics of worksites and their surrounding labor market may influence the presence or absence of these personnel practices. The results suggest that, when controlling for number of employees, economic sector, industry, and union presence, worksites with low turnover and in areas with high unemployment rates are more likely to engage in pre-employment drug screening, while worksites with low turnover more often provide an EAP.

Suggested Citation

Bennett, Nathan and Blum, Terry and Roman, Paul, Presence of Drug Screening and Employee Assistance Programs: Exclusive and Inclusive Human Resource Management Practices (1994). Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 15: 549-560, 1994. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2406746

Nathan Bennett (Contact Author)

Georgia Institute of Technology - Organizational Behavior Area ( email )

800 West Peachtree St.
Atlanta, GA 30308
United States

J. Mack Robinson College of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 4050
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

HOME PAGE: http://nate-bennett.com

Terry Blum

Georgia Institute of Technology ( email )

Atlanta, GA 30332
United States

Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business ( email )

800 West Peachtree St.
Atlanta, GA 30308
United States

Paul Roman

University of Georgia - Department of Sociology ( email )

113 Baldwin Hall
Athens, GA 30602-1611
United States

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