Social Exchange in Organizations: Perceived Organizational Support, Leader-Member Exchange, and Employee Reciprocity
Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 3: 219-227, 1996
9 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2014
Date Written: 1996
Whether Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) is a unidimensional or a multidimensional construct was assessed through the development and validation of a multidimensional measure. Item analysis involving 302 working students, followed by construct and criterion-related validation using 249 employees representing two organizations resulted in a multidimensional LMX scale. The results provided support for the affect, loyalty, and contribution dimensions identified by Dienesch and Liden (1986), as well as a fourth dimension, professional respect.
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