Changes in Global Trade Patterns and Women's Employment in Manufacturing: An Analysis Over the Period of Asianization and Deindustrialization

Levy Economics Institute, Working Paper Series

42 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2014

See all articles by Burca Kizilirmak

Burca Kizilirmak

Ankara University

Emel Memis

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Durdane Sirin Saracoglu

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics

Ebru Voyvoda

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 11, 2014

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the employment effects of changes in manufacturing output resulting from shifting trade patterns over the period 1995-2006. For 30 countries (21 OECD and 9 non-OECD countries) we estimate the changes in embodied labor content due to trade using factor-content analysis, breaking up the sources of these changes between trade with the North, the South and China. We also decompose changes in employment into its component changes within and across sectors. Our results present a net negative impact of trade on total employment in 30 countries over the period of analysis (despite employment gains in 17 countries). Except for the Philippines and the Republic of Korea, trade with China has a negative impact on total employment in all countries, with a stronger negative effect on women’s employment. Employment losses in the South due to a surge in imports from China are coupled with declining exports to the North, as many countries in the North shift their imports to emerging economies in Asia. Decomposition results indicate that the decline in the share of women’s employment is mainly due to shifts between sectors rather than changes within sectors. Changes in women’s employment are still highly dependent on movements in “traditional” manufacturing sectors, including food, textiles, and wearing apparel.

Keywords: North-South trade, Decomposition Analysis, Factor Content Analysis, Gender Bias

JEL Classification: F16, J16, J21

Suggested Citation

Kizilirmak, Burca and Memis, Emel and Saracoglu, Durdane Sirin and Voyvoda, Ebru, Changes in Global Trade Patterns and Women's Employment in Manufacturing: An Analysis Over the Period of Asianization and Deindustrialization (March 11, 2014). Levy Economics Institute, Working Paper Series, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2407547 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2407547

Burca Kizilirmak (Contact Author)

Ankara University ( email )

TR-06590 Cebeci
Ankara
Turkey

Emel Memis

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504
United States

Durdane Sirin Saracoglu

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Inonu Bulvari
Ankara
Turkey

Ebru Voyvoda

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Inonu Bulvari
Ankara
Turkey

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