Reducing Stigma in Reproductive Health

International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 125 (2014) 89–92

5 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2014  

Rebecca J. Cook

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law

Bernard Dickens

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

Stigmatization marks individuals for disgrace, shame, and even disgust — spoiling or tarnishing their social identities. It can be imposed accidentally by thoughtlessness or insensitivity; incidentally to another purpose; or deliberately to deter or punish conduct considered harmful to actors themselves, others, society, or moral values. Stigma has permeated attitudes toward recipients of sexual and reproductive health services, and at times to service providers. Resort to contraceptive products, to voluntary sterilization and abortion, and now to medically assisted reproductive care to overcome infertility has attracted stigma. Unmarried motherhood has a long history of shame, projected onto the “illegitimate” (bastard) child. The stigma of contracting sexually transmitted infections has been reinvigorated with HIV infection. Gynecologists and their professional associations, ethically committed to uphold human dignity and equality, especially for vulnerable women for whom they care, should be active to guard against, counteract, and relieve stigmatization of their patients and of related service providers.

Keywords: Abortion stigma, Discrimination and stigma, HIV stigma, Infertility stigma, Professionalism and stigma, Service providers and stigma, Stigma

JEL Classification: I18, I10, I19

Suggested Citation

Cook, Rebecca J. and Dickens, Bernard, Reducing Stigma in Reproductive Health (2014). International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 125 (2014) 89–92. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2408025

Rebecca J. Cook

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

78 Queen's Park Cr.
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada
416-978-4446 (Phone)
416-978-7899 (Fax)

Bernard Dickens (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

78 and 84 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada
416-978-4849 (Phone)
416-978-7899 (Fax)

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