Determinants of Anti‐Trafficking Policies: Evidence from a New Index

26 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2014

See all articles by Seo‐Young Cho

Seo‐Young Cho

University of Marburg

Axel Dreher

Heidelberg University

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: April 2014

Abstract

We develop an index measuring the three main dimensions – prosecution, protection, and prevention – of the anti‐trafficking policies of the governments of up to 180 countries over the 2000−2010 period. Overall, developed countries perform better than the rest of the world; compliance with prosecution policy is highest, while governmental efforts to protect victims of human trafficking remain weakest. We employ the new indices to investigate which factors determine anti‐trafficking policies. We find that compliance with anti‐trafficking policies significantly decreases with corruption and is higher in countries that also respect the rights of women. We also find some tentative evidence for spatial dependence in anti‐trafficking policies.

Keywords: Anti‐trafficking policies, compliance, human rights, human trafficking

JEL Classification: F22, O15, P41

Suggested Citation

Cho, Seo‐Young and Dreher, Axel and Neumayer, Eric, Determinants of Anti‐Trafficking Policies: Evidence from a New Index (April 2014). The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 116, Issue 2, pp. 429-454, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2408837 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjoe.12055

Seo‐Young Cho (Contact Author)

University of Marburg ( email )

Universitätsstrasse 24
D-35032 Marburg, D-35032
Germany

Axel Dreher

Heidelberg University ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.axel-dreher.de

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 7598 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7412 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/neumayer

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