Wages and Firm Performance: Evidence from the 2008 Financial Crisis
53 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2014 Last revised: 7 Jul 2020
Date Written: July 5, 2020
We examine the effect of paying higher wages on firm performance during the 2008 financial crisis. To identify variation in wages, we rely on heterogeneity in the timing of long-term wage agreements for a sample of UK firms. We instrument for firms signing long-term agreements overlapping with the crisis by the presence of a contract signed in 2006 or earlier and expiring before September 2008. Treated firms paid higher wages but also realized greater labor productivity relative to control firms. These findings are consistent with the intuition that opportunity cost differentials between treated and control firms induce employees to exert higher effort.
Keywords: labor contracts, wages, financial crisis, productivity
JEL Classification: J41, J30, J24, G01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation