Shrinking Regions in a Shrinking Country: The Geography of Population Decline in Lithuania 2001-2011

26 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2014

See all articles by Rūta Ubarevičienė

Rūta Ubarevičienė

Delft University of Technology

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Donatas Burneika

Lithuanian Social Research Centre

Abstract

Shrinking populations have been gaining increasing attention, especially in post-socialist East and Central European countries. While most studies focus on the population decline of capital cities and their regions, much less is known about the spatial dimension of population decline on the national level. Lithuania is one of the countries which have experienced very high levels of population decline in the last decades. This study uses Lithuanian Census data from the years 2001 and 2011 to get insight into the geography of population change for the whole country.The results show a sharp population decline in Lithuania of 17.2% between 1989 and 2011, with the decrease being more intense during the second decade of the period. The population dropped in most areas, including the main cities, but increased in the regions surrounding these cities. The predictive models show a clear geographical dimension of population decline, but also reveal that population composition and investments play a role in the process of decline.

Keywords: post-socialist transition, shrinking regions, population decline, suburbanization, Lithuania

JEL Classification: J11, J61, P20, R23

Suggested Citation

Ubarevičienė, Rūta and van Ham, Maarten and Burneika, Donatas, Shrinking Regions in a Shrinking Country: The Geography of Population Decline in Lithuania 2001-2011. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8026, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2409548

Rūta Ubarevičienė (Contact Author)

Delft University of Technology ( email )

Stevinweg 1
Stevinweg 1
Delft, 2628 CN
Netherlands

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Donatas Burneika

Lithuanian Social Research Centre ( email )

A. Gostauto st. 11
Vilnius, LT-01108
Lithuania

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