When Police Patrols Matter. The Effect of Police Proximity on Citizens’ Crime Risk Perception

IEB Working Paper N. 2014/1

41 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2014

See all articles by Daniel Montolio

Daniel Montolio

University of Barcelona - Faculty of Economic Science and Business Studies

Simón Planells

University of Barcelona

Date Written: January 22, 2014

Abstract

Crime risk perception is known to be an important determinant of individual well-being. It is therefore crucial that we understand the factors affecting this perception so that governments can identify the (public) policies that might reduce it. Among such policies, public resources devoted to policing emerge as a key instrument not only for tackling criminal activity but also for impacting on citizens’ crime risk perception. In this framework, the aim of this study is to analyze both the individual and neighbourhood determinants of citizens’ crime risk perception in the City of Barcelona (Spain) focusing on the effect of police proximity and taking into account the spatial aspects of neighbourhood characteristics. After controlling for the possible problems of the endogeneity of police forces and crime risk perception and the potential sorting of individuals across neighbourhoods, the results indicate that crime risk perception is reduced when non-victims exogenously interact with police forces. Moreover, neighbourhood variables, such as proxies of social capital and the level of incivilities, together with individual characteristics have an impact on citizens’ crime risk perception.

Keywords: Crime risk perception, police forces, multilevel ordered logit model

JEL Classification: C21, H50, K42

Suggested Citation

Montolio, Daniel and Planells, Simón, When Police Patrols Matter. The Effect of Police Proximity on Citizens’ Crime Risk Perception (January 22, 2014). IEB Working Paper N. 2014/1 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2410365 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2410365

Daniel Montolio (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona - Faculty of Economic Science and Business Studies ( email )

Av. Diagonal, 690
Torre 4 Planta 2
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Simón Planells

University of Barcelona ( email )

Av. Diagonal, 690
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

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