Personal Values and Political Activism: A Cross-National Study

British Journal of Psychology (2014); DOI:10.1111/bjop.12067

23 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2014

See all articles by Michele Vecchione

Michele Vecchione

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Shalom H. Schwartz

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Psychology; National Research University Higher School of Economics

Gian Caprara

University of Rome I

Harald Schoen

University of Bamberg

Jan Cieciuch

University of Zurich; University of Finance and Management

Jo Silvester

City University London - Sir John Cass Business School

Paul Bain

University of Queensland - School of Psychology

Gabriel Bianchi

Slovak Academy of Sciences

Hasan Kirmanoglu

Istanbul Bilgi University - Department of Economics

Cem Baslevent

Istanbul Bilgi University - Department of Economics

Catalin Mamali

University of Wisconsin, Platteville

Jorge Manzi

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile

Vassilis Pavlopoulos

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Claudio Torres

Catholic University of Brazil (UCB)

Markku Verkasalo

University of Helsinki

Jan-Erik Lönnqvist

University of Helsinki - Department of Psychology

Eva Vondrakova

Université de Constantine

Christian Welzel

Leuphana University of Lueneburg; LCSR

Guido Alessandri

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Date Written: March 07, 2014

Abstract

Using data from 28 countries in four continents, the present research addresses the question of how basic values may account for political activism. Study 1 (N = 35,116) analyses data from representative samples in 20 countries that responded to the 21-item version of the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ-21) in the European Social Survey. Study 2 (N = 7,773) analyses data from adult samples in six of the same countries (Finland, Germany, Greece, Israel, Poland, and United Kingdom) and eight other countries (Australia, Brazil, Chile, Italy, Slovakia, Turkey, Ukraine, and United States) that completed the full 40-item PVQ. Across both studies, political activism relates positively to self-transcendence and openness to change values, especially to universalism and autonomy of thought, a subtype of self-direction. Political activism relates negatively to conservation values, especially to conformity and personal security. National differences in the strength of the associations between individual values and political activism are linked to level of democratization.

Keywords: political activism; values; cross-cultural; participation

Suggested Citation

Vecchione, Michele and Schwartz, Shalom H. and Caprara, Gian and Schoen, Harald and Cieciuch, Jan and Silvester, Jo and Bain, Paul and Bianchi, Gabriel and Kirmanoglu, Hasan and Baslevent, Cem and Mamali, Catalin and Manzi, Jorge and Pavlopoulos, Vassilis and Torres, Claudio and Verkasalo, Markku and Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik and Vondrakova, Eva and Welzel, Christian and Alessandri, Guido, Personal Values and Political Activism: A Cross-National Study (March 07, 2014). British Journal of Psychology (2014); DOI:10.1111/bjop.12067. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2410770

Michele Vecchione

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology ( email )

Via dei Marsi 78
Rome, 00185
Italy

Shalom H. Schwartz

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Psychology ( email )

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Gian Caprara

University of Rome I ( email )

via del castro laurenziano 9
rome
Italy

Harald Schoen

University of Bamberg ( email )

Kirschaeckerstrasse 39
Bamberg, 96045
Germany

Jan Cieciuch

University of Zurich ( email )

Rämistrasse 71
Zürich, CH-8006
Switzerland

University of Finance and Management ( email )

Pawia 55
Warsaw, 01-030
Poland

Jo Silvester

City University London - Sir John Cass Business School ( email )

106 Bunhill Row
London, EC1Y 8TZ
United Kingdom

Paul Bain

University of Queensland - School of Psychology ( email )

4072 Brisbane, Queensland
Australia

Gabriel Bianchi

Slovak Academy of Sciences ( email )

Sancova 56
SK-81105 Bratislava
Slovakia

Hasan Kirmanoglu

Istanbul Bilgi University - Department of Economics ( email )

Inonu Cad. No:28 Kustepe
Kustepe, Istanbul, 80310
Turkey
+90 (212) 216 22 22 (Phone)
+90 (212) 216 84 78 (Fax)

Cem Baslevent

Istanbul Bilgi University - Department of Economics ( email )

Kustepe
Susli
Istanbul, 80310
Turkey

Catalin Mamali

University of Wisconsin, Platteville ( email )

1 University Plaza
Platteville, WI 53818
United States

Jorge Manzi

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile ( email )

Vicuna Mackena 4860. Macul
Santiago
Chile

Vassilis Pavlopoulos

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens ( email )

Dept. of Psychology
School of Philosophy (office 505)
Zografos, Attiki 15784
Greece

HOME PAGE: http://users.uoa.gr/~vpavlop

Claudio Torres

Catholic University of Brazil (UCB) ( email )

Brasilia, DF
Brazil

Markku Verkasalo

University of Helsinki ( email )

University of Helsinki
Helsinki, FIN-00014
Finland

Jan-Erik Lönnqvist

University of Helsinki - Department of Psychology ( email )

Meritullinkatu 1
Helsinki 00014
Finland

Eva Vondrakova

Université de Constantine ( email )

Constantine
Algeria

Christian Welzel (Contact Author)

Leuphana University of Lueneburg ( email )

Scharnhorststraße 1
Lüneburg, 21335
Germany

LCSR ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Guido Alessandri

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Via dei Marsi 78
Rome, 00185
Italy

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