Inventing Equal Opportunity: Chapter One
Inventing Equal Opportunity, Princeton University Press and copyrighted, © 2009
22 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2014
Date Written: 2009
In 1961, John F. Kennedy decreed that companies wanting to do business with the federal government would have to take affirmative action to end discrimination. The year after Kennedy’s assassination, Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, outlawing discrimination in education, housing, public accommodations, and employment. No one could have anticipated the effects of these mandates on the workplace. Not a single sentence remains from the corporate personnel manual of 1960. Firms have changed how they recruit, hire, discipline, evaluate, compensate, and fire workers.
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