Assisted Reproductive Technology

8 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2014  

Kristine S. Knaplund

Pepperdine University School of Law

Date Written: 2014


The rapidly expanding use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) poses new challenges for estate planners. This article describes the three most common forms of ART (assisted insemination, in vitro fertilization, and gestational carriers) and three legal issues that arise when ART is used, including: determining who is a descendant when donated gametes (sperm or ova) are used; postmortem retrieval and use of gametes; and delay of probate proceedings to allow postmortem conception.

Keywords: Assisted reproductive technology, ART, assisted reproduction, in vitro fertilization, IVF, gestational carrier, surrogate, surrogacy agreement, Uniform Parentage Act, Uniform Probate Code, descendant, donated gametes, postmortem conception, postmortem retrieval of gametes, sperm, ova

Suggested Citation

Knaplund, Kristine S., Assisted Reproductive Technology (2014). Real Property, Probate and Trust Law Journal, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2014; Pepperdine University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014/5. Available at SSRN:

Kristine S. Knaplund (Contact Author)

Pepperdine University School of Law ( email )

24255 Pacific Coast Highway
Malibu, CA 90263
United States

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