Analysing the Short Run Effects of China's Economic Reform Agenda

54 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2014 Last revised: 21 Mar 2014

See all articles by Rod Tyers

Rod Tyers

Australian National University (ANU) - School of Economics; The University of Western Australia - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 1, 2014


China’s size limits its capacity to source further growth from exports and so the inevitable turn inward is in progress, as suggested by declining gross flows on its balance of payments relative to its GDP. Thus far, key home policy drivers have been fiscal expansion and public investment, though provincial indebtedness will constrain these in future and growth will be driven by the government’s reform agenda, which includes further industrial reform and “internationalisation”. The short run effects of these domestic policy and external shocks are examined using a model of the Chinese economy that takes explicit account of oligopoly behaviour. The results confirm that further fiscal expansions, even with large public investment components, will not contribute the major share of new growth, but industrial reform in heavy manufacturing and services would reduce costs and foster growth in output, private consumption and modern sector employment. At the same time, while China’s private investment, and hence its overall performance, will be sensitive to the uncertain effects of internationalisation increased nominal exchange rate flexibility would offer a reliable cushion.

Keywords: China, fiscal policy, industry policy reform, oligopoly, price caps, privatisation, internationalisation, capital account liberalization

JEL Classification: C54, C68, D58, E17, E62, L13, L43

Suggested Citation

Tyers, Rod, Analysing the Short Run Effects of China's Economic Reform Agenda (March 1, 2014). CAMA Working Paper No. 29/2014. Available at SSRN: or

Rod Tyers (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) - School of Economics ( email )

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Australian National University
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
61-6-249-5124 (Fax)

The University of Western Australia - Department of Economics ( email )

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Crawley, Western Australia 6009
61 8 6488 5632 (Phone)


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