Energy and Carbon Management Systems: Organizational Implementation and Application

22 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2014  

Nigel P. Melville

University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business

Ryan Whisnant

Independent

Date Written: February 1, 2013

Abstract

This article examines an important class of information system (IS) that serves as the foundation for corporate energy and greenhouse gas accounting: energy and carbon management systems (ECMS). Investors, regulators, customers, and employees increasingly demand that organizations provide information about their organizational energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. However, there is little transparency about how organizations use ECMS to meet such demands. To shed light on ECMS implementation and application, we collected extensive qualitative interview data from two service-sector organizations: one that uses a spreadsheet- based ECMS and another that implemented an ECMS provided by a third-party vendor. Our analysis of collected data revealed numerous challenges in the areas of business processes, managerial capabilities, data capture and integration, and data quality. Though our results derive from only two organizations and require confirmation in large-sample surveys, we provide several general recommendations for organizations regarding ECMS. We also provide suggestions for future studies to build on our tentative results.

Keywords: case study, corporate environmental management, ECMS, efficiency, energy and carbon management systems, greenhouse gas accounting, greenhouse gas emissions, green information systems, industrial ecology

Suggested Citation

Melville, Nigel P. and Whisnant, Ryan, Energy and Carbon Management Systems: Organizational Implementation and Application (February 1, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2411879 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2411879

Nigel P. Melville (Contact Author)

University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business ( email )

701 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI MI 48109
United States

HOME PAGE: http://webuser.bus.umich.edu/npmelv/

Ryan Whisnant

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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