Separating Gender Composition Effect from Peer Effects in Education

Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 932

28 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2014

See all articles by Babak Jahanshahi

Babak Jahanshahi

University of Edinburgh - School of Law

Date Written: March 20, 2014

Abstract

This paper aims to highlight the importance of considering endogenous peer effects, as defined by Manski (1993), in order to identify gender composition effect on education outcome appropriately. Using Manski (1993) linear-in-means model, this paper illustrates that the gender composition effect that is currently estimated in education function is the function of three parameters: social multiplier, gender differences in outcome and gender composition effect (known as a gender peer effect). The appropriate gender peer effect is identified after using Graham's variance restriction method to identify and rule out a social multiplier effect. The findings suggest that a social multiplier plays a crucial role in learning process for Italian secondary and US primary students, although a gender peer effect is not as important as highlighted in previous literatures (Hoxby, 2000; Whitmore, 2005; Lavy and Schlosser, 2011).

Keywords: social interaction, social multiplier, gender peer effect, INVALSI, Project STAR

JEL Classification: I21, J16

Suggested Citation

Jahanshahi, Babak, Separating Gender Composition Effect from Peer Effects in Education (March 20, 2014). Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 932, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2412082 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2412082

Babak Jahanshahi (Contact Author)

University of Edinburgh - School of Law ( email )

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, EH8 9YL
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
55
Abstract Views
434
rank
440,347
PlumX Metrics