Assessing the Impacts of Agricultural Policy and Structural Reforms on Income Distribution and Poverty in Brazil

33 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2014

See all articles by Carlos Roberto Azzoni

Carlos Roberto Azzoni

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics

Tatiane A. de Menezes

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics

Fernando Gaiger Silveira

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA)

Eduardo A. Haddad

University of Sao Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Regional Economics, Application Labratory, REAL

Joaquim Guilhoto

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI); University of Sao Paulo

Heron E. do Carmo

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 20, 2014

Abstract

Producers and households in developing countries are affected by the prices of products involved in international transactions. The impacts of agricultural policy and structural reforms leading to changes in international prices of goods and services are expected to be differentiated across households and producers, depending on how they are involved in the circular flow of goods and services within the country of residence. As such, it might be expected that these reforms will affect income distribution and poverty levels within those countries. The objective of this study is to produce an estimate of the impacts of agricultural policy and structural reforms on income distribution and poverty in Brazil, considering not only the first round (direct) effects but also their spillovers (indirect effects) across the circular flow of income. The introduction of the second and higher round effects is important, for the initial effects could either be mitigated or empowered by the indirect effects.

Keywords: income distribution, poverty, Brazil

Suggested Citation

Azzoni, Carlos Roberto and Menezes, Tatiane A. de and Silveira, Fernando Gaiger and Haddad, Eduardo A. and Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins and Esvael do Carmo, Heron Carlos, Assessing the Impacts of Agricultural Policy and Structural Reforms on Income Distribution and Poverty in Brazil (March 20, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2412157 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2412157

Carlos Roberto Azzoni

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
Sao Paulo SP, 05508-900
Brazil
+55 11 818-5870 (Phone)
+55 11 813-4743 (Fax)

Tatiane A. de Menezes

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
Sao Paulo SP, 05508-900
Brazil

Fernando Gaiger Silveira

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) ( email )

Av. Pres. Antonio Carlos , 51 - 17 andar
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20020-010
Brazil

Eduardo A. Haddad

University of Sao Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
Sao Paulo, SP 05508-900
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.usp.br/nereus

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Regional Economics, Application Labratory, REAL ( email )

United States

Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto (Contact Author)

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) ( email )

Paris
France

University of Sao Paulo ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, 908
FEA2
Sao Paulo, 05508-010
Brazil
+ 55 011 3091-5870 (Phone)
+ 55 011 3813-4743 (Fax)

Heron Carlos Esvael do Carmo

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
Sao Paulo SP, 05508-900
Brazil

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