Conclusion: The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy

The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy, p. 344, Geoffrey Garrett, Frank Dobbin, and Beth Simmons, eds., Cambridge University Press, March 2008

17 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2014

See all articles by Geoffrey Garrett

Geoffrey Garrett

Pacific Council on International Policy

Frank Dobbin

Harvard University - Department of Sociology

Beth A. Simmons

University of Pennsylvania

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

The diffusion of markets and democracy around the world was a defining feature of the late twentieth century. Many social scientists view this economic and political liberalization as the product of independent choices by national governments. This book argues that policy and political changes were influenced heavily by prior actions of external actors: not just other governments, but international organizations and communities of experts. Drawing together insights from economics, sociology, political science and international relations, the contributors focus on four mechanisms by which markets and democracy have diffused through interdependent decision-making: coercion and the impact of powerful countries and international actors; economic competition for markets and investment; learning from experiences of other countries; and emulation among countries. These mechanisms are tested empirically using sophisticated quantitative techniques in areas as diverse as capital account and investment policy, human rights and democratization, and government downsizing, privatization and taxation.

Suggested Citation

Garrett, Geoffrey and Dobbin, Frank and Simmons, Beth A., Conclusion: The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy (2008). The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy, p. 344, Geoffrey Garrett, Frank Dobbin, and Beth Simmons, eds., Cambridge University Press, March 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2412172

Geoffrey Garrett

Pacific Council on International Policy ( email )

Los Angeles, CA
United States

Frank Dobbin (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Sociology ( email )

33 Kirkland Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Beth A. Simmons

University of Pennsylvania ( email )

3501Sansom
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
7817990076 (Phone)

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