The Human Nature of Corporate Boards: Law, Norms and the Unintended Consequences of Independence and Accountability
Donald C. Langevoort
Georgetown University Law Center
Georgetown Law and Economics Research Paper No. 241402
Recent empirical work has puzzled over the lack of a positive correlation between the presence of a majority of outside directors on a corporate board and measures of firm performance. Drawing on work in social psychology and group behavior, this paper extends previous work to offer plausible explanations for the value-enhancing contributions of a "balanced" board. These possibilities include insider countering of outsider biases, the promotion of internal middle management interests, and the reduction in CEO influence activities that distort communications and interfere with trust. The paper then turns to use these same (and related) insights to point out some unintended behavioral consequences of recent efforts to increase the liability exposure of directors and make them more accountable. The paper concludes by addressing the connection between its analysis and the current "law versus norms" debate in corporate and securities law.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Date posted: September 18, 2000