Inflation Expectations and the News
International Journal of Central Banking, Forthcoming
37 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2014 Last revised: 28 Aug 2014
Date Written: April 7, 2014
This paper provides new evidence on the importance of inflation expectations for variation in nominal interest rates, based on both market-based and survey-based measures of inflation expectations. Using the information in TIPS breakeven rates and inflation swap rates, I document that movements in inflation compensation are important for explaining variation in long-term nominal interest rates, both unconditionally as well as conditionally on macroeconomic data surprises. Daily changes in inflation compensation and changes in long-term nominal rates generally display a close statistical relationship. The sensitivity of inflation compensation to macroeconomic data surprises is substantial, and it explains a sizable share of the macro response of nominal rates. The paper also documents that survey expectations of inflation exhibit significant comovement with variation in nominal interest rates, as well as significant responses to macroeconomic news.
Keywords: inflation expectations, macroeconomic news, inflation compensation, TIPS, inflation swaps, survey expectations
JEL Classification: E43, E44, E52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation