The Nature of Surgeon Human Capital Depreciation

41 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2014

See all articles by Jason Hockenberry

Jason Hockenberry

Emory University

Lorens A. Helmchen

The George Washington University

Date Written: March 2014

Abstract

To test how practice interruptions affect worker productivity, we estimate how temporal breaks affect surgeons' performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Using a sample of 188 surgeons who performed 56,315 CABG procedures in Pennsylvania between 2006 and 2010, we find that a surgeon's additional day away from the operating room raised patients' inpatient mortality risk by up to 0.067 percentage points (2.4% relative effect) but reduced total hospitalization costs by up to 0.59 percentage points. In analyses of 93 high-volume surgeons treating 9,853 patients admitted via an emergency department, where temporal distance effects are most plausibly exogenous, an additional day away raised mortality risk by 0.398 percentage points (11.4% relative effect) but reduced cost by up to 1.396 percentage points. These estimates imply a cost per life-year saved ranging from $7,871 to $18,500, rendering additional treatment intensity within surgery cost-effective at conventional cutoffs. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that after returning from temporal breaks surgeons may be less likely to recognize and address life-threatening complications, in turn reducing resource use. This form of human capital loss would explain the decrease in worker productivity and the simultaneous reduction in input use.

Suggested Citation

Hockenberry, Jason and Helmchen, Lorens A., The Nature of Surgeon Human Capital Depreciation (March 2014). NBER Working Paper No. w20017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2418132

Jason Hockenberry (Contact Author)

Emory University ( email )

201 Dowman Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

Lorens A. Helmchen

The George Washington University ( email )

950 New Hampshire Ave NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States
2029943816 (Phone)
2029943816 (Fax)

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