CRR/CRD IV: The Trees and the Forest

31 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2014 Last revised: 28 Apr 2014

See all articles by Rainer Masera

Rainer Masera

Università degli Studi Guglielmo Marconi

Date Written: April 14, 2014


This paper offers a review of the new CRR/CRD IV capital regulatory framework for banks in the EU, which represents the transposition into European law of the Basel III standard. Major shortcomings of the Second Capital Accord are examined, and the repair work is assessed in the light of the recognised need to amend the flaws. It is argued that the necessary adjustments must be evaluated in the holistic framework provided by the Banking Union approach. The main features of the new system are reviewed as components of an interconnected, complex network. The critical analysis highlights the significant improvements with respect to the Basel II standard, but it also brings to the fore the weaknesses which continue to characterise the new capital regulatory framework.

Keywords: capital regulation, Basel III, risk, Banking Union, Modigliani-Miller

JEL Classification: G01, G13, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

Masera, Rainer, CRR/CRD IV: The Trees and the Forest (April 14, 2014). Available at SSRN: or

Rainer Masera (Contact Author)

Università degli Studi Guglielmo Marconi ( email )

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Rome, Rome 00193
+39 06 377251 (Phone)

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