The Role of the Netherlands in the International Response to the Crisis in Darfur

44 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2014  

Fred Grünfeld

Maastricht University - Maastricht University, Department of International and European Law

Wessel N Vermeulen

OXCARRE

Date Written: March 31, 2014

Abstract

We discuss the role of the Netherlands in the crisis of Darfur during 2003-2005. The Netherlands was active as major donor and tried to facilitate political solutions since the breakout of the Darfur crisis. During the period July-December 2004 it acted as EU President and was as such involved in creating a common EU line. Additionally, it acted as EU representative in Khartoum for an extended period, while several Dutchmen were at high positions at the EU and UN. We discuss how policy was made and which domestic actors had influenced its foreign policy. Subsequently, we see how its foreign policy worked through international politics, especially within the EU. We conclude that the Netherlands was partially successful in establishing a more active EU position regarding Darfur. However, we also find evidence that eventually the EU has lagged behind the response of the UN Security Council, despite being a major donor to emergency relief and the African Union mission in Sudan.

Keywords: Genocide Prevention; Darfur; EU; Netherlands; International Decision-makers; UN Security Council; Diplomacy

JEL Classification: K33; N47; H77

Suggested Citation

Grünfeld, Fred and Vermeulen, Wessel N, The Role of the Netherlands in the International Response to the Crisis in Darfur (March 31, 2014). Maastricht Faculty of Law Working Paper No. 2014-2. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2418398 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2418398

Fred Grünfeld (Contact Author)

Maastricht University - Maastricht University, Department of International and European Law ( email )

United States

Wessel N Vermeulen

OXCARRE ( email )

Mansfield Road
Manor Road Building,Manor Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

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