Smoking Behavior and Attitude Towards Cigarette Warning Labels Among Informal Workers in Surabaya City – East Java, Indonesia
10 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 2, 2014
In Indonesia, based on the results of the Riskesdas 2010 there are big province with higher active smoker, which are West Java, East Java and West Java. This study aims to determine the smoking behavior and attitude towards cigarette warning labels among informal workers (pedicab driver and motorcycle taxi driver) in Surabaya city. Data were obtained through the administration of questionnaire to eighty respondents in random parks of Surabaya City. The result revealed that textual cigarette was the most accessible cigarette warning label to informal workers (pedicab driver and motorcycle taxi driver). It further implied that cigarette packs, print media/newspapers and billboards were the main sources of awareness of cigarette warning labels. Pearson’s correlation result indicated a positive and significant association between informal workers (pedicab driver and motorcycle taxi driver)’ smoking behavior and their attitude toward cigarette warning labels (r=0.21, p<0.01). The study therefore suggests that informal workers should be educated on the relevance of cigarette warning labels and how it can help them to live a healthy driving life. The study also suggests that needed a comprehensive effort to reduce the number of smokers.
Keywords: smoking, behavior, attitude, informal worker, warning label
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