Customers’ Relationship-Specific Investments and Corporate Tax Avoidance
58 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2014
Date Written: March 2, 2014
We investigate whether corporate tax avoidance is affected by a firm’s relationship with its customers. We find a positive association between a firm’s tax avoidance and its customers’ relationship-specific investments, demonstrating that customers value the cash flow benefits generated by a firm’s tax savings. The absence of such a link in firms with weak corporate governance is consistent with the agency perspective of tax avoidance. Further analyses show that such an association is more pronounced when a firm has less bargaining power and when certain complementary mechanism is in place. We conclude that customer relationship is an important factor that determines a firm’s tax avoidance incentives.
Keywords: Relationship-specific investments, customers, tax avoidance, agency theory
JEL Classification: H25, H26, G30, L14, L24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation