Operations Research/Management Contributions to Emergency Department Patient Flow Optimization: Review and Research Prospects

IIE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering, Forthcoming

40 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2014 Last revised: 7 Feb 2015

See all articles by Soroush Saghafian

Soroush Saghafian

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Garrett Austin

Arizona State University (ASU)

Stephen Traub

Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science

Date Written: February 4, 2015

Abstract

In recent years, Operations Research/Management (OR/OM) has had a significant impact on improving the performance of hospital Emergency Departments (EDs). This includes improving a wide range of processes involving patient flow from the initial call to the ED through disposition, discharge home, or admission to the hospital. We review approximately 350 related papers to (a) demonstrate the influence of OR/OM in EDs, and (b) assist both researchers and practitioners with the OR/OM techniques already available to optimize ED patient flow. In addition, we elaborate on some practical challenges yet to be addressed. By shedding light on some less studied aspects that can have significant impacts on ED operations, we also discuss important possibilities for future OR/OM researchers.

Keywords: Operations Research/Management, Emergency Department, Patient Flow, Operational Efficiency, Patient Safety

Suggested Citation

Saghafian, Soroush and Austin, Garrett and Traub, Stephen, Operations Research/Management Contributions to Emergency Department Patient Flow Optimization: Review and Research Prospects (February 4, 2015). IIE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2420163 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2420163

Soroush Saghafian (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Garrett Austin

Arizona State University (ASU) ( email )

Farmer Building 440G PO Box 872011
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States

Stephen Traub

Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science ( email )

200 First Street S.W
Rochester, MN 55905
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
441
Abstract Views
1,451
rank
64,785
PlumX Metrics