Foreign Capital Inflow and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Developing Economies: Theory and Empirical Evidence
16 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 5, 2014
Foreign direct investment specially targeted to export sector is relatively new phenomenon in the global economy. Such inflow of foreign capital changes the sectoral composition of the economy and it has some influence on the exchange rate of the destination country. In this study, we attempt to provide underlying theoretical and empirical explanations for exchange rate appreciation due to foreign capital inflow. We first use an extended three sector specific factor model to explain analytically why and how an inflow of foreign capital boosts the price of a nontradable good that helps tilting the exchange in rate in favor of the host country and then conduct an empirical analysis based on a panel dataset of twelve prominent developing countries over the time period 1980-2011 to substantiate our theoretical findings. We also strive to look at the possible consequences on factor prices and on sectoral decomposition of a representative economy.
Keywords: Foreign capital inflow, Real effective exchange rate, International trade, Developing
JEL Classification: F21, F31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation