Patrilocality and Missing Women
64 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 7, 2014
Recent scholarship has documented an alarming increase in the sex ratio at birth in parts of East Asia, South Asia and the South Caucuses. I argue that parents engage in sex selection because of patrilocal norms that dictate elderly coresidence between parents and sons. Sex ratios and coresidence rates are positively correlated when looking across countries, within countries across districts, and within districts across ethnic groups. I examine the origins of patrilocality, and find it is most common among ethnic groups which practiced intensive agriculture. I conclude with an examination of how parents respond to changes in public pension programs.
Keywords: patrilocality, missing girls, son preference
JEL Classification: J13, J14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation