An Investigation of the Effects of Geographical Proximity on the Governance Choice of US MNEs
Ragozzino, R. An Investigation of the Effects of Geographical Proximity on the Governance Choice of US MNEs. 2009. Management International Review, Vol. 49: 509-535
Posted: 9 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 8, 2009
This paper examines cross-border mergers and acquisitions undertaken by U.S. companies to determine whether geographic distance directly affects these firms’ governance decisions.
We find that U.S. firms tend to acquire higher stakes in geographically proximate targets than in remote ones.
The paper also investigates the moderating effect of geographic distance on cultural distance and political risk. We find that as these two hazards increase, acquirers prefer shared ownership for proximate deals, and full ownership for acquisitions of geographically distant targets. These findings indicate that the previously-reported effects of cultural distance and political risk on FDI are not absolute, but they are moderated by geographic distance.
Keywords: cross-border acquisitions, entry mode, cultural distance, political risk, governance
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