What Drives the International Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies? Empirical Evidence from Patent Data

Posted: 10 Apr 2014

See all articles by Antoine Dechezleprêtre

Antoine Dechezleprêtre

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Matthieu Glachant

MINES ParisTech

Yann Ménière

Mines ParisTech

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 9, 2014

Abstract

Technology transfer plays a key role in global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, we characterize the factors that promote or hinder the international diffusion of climate-friendly technologies using detailed patent data from 96 countries for the period 1995-2007. The data provide strong evidence that lax Intellectual Property regimes have a strong and negative impact on the international diffusion of patented knowledge. Restrictions on international trade and foreign direct direct investment also hinder the diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. Surprisingly, local technological capabilities tend to discourage transfers. While broad indicators of technology capabilities are expected to facilitate transfers, this latter result stems from our technology-specific definition of local capabilities, which makes it possible to capture a substitution effect between local and foreign inventions.

Keywords: Climate change, Technology diffusion, Technology transfer

JEL Classification: O33, O34, Q54

Suggested Citation

Dechezleprêtre, Antoine and Glachant, Matthieu and Ménière, Yann, What Drives the International Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies? Empirical Evidence from Patent Data (April 9, 2014). Environmental and Resource Economics, Vol. 54, No. 2, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2422808

Antoine Dechezleprêtre

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Matthieu Glachant

MINES ParisTech ( email )

60, boulevard Saint Michel
75272 Paris cedex 06, 75006
France
+33 1 40 51 9229 (Phone)

Yann Ménière (Contact Author)

Mines ParisTech ( email )

60, bd St Michel
Paris, 75006
France

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