How Does Climate Change Alter Agricultural Strategies to Support Food Security?

48 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2014

See all articles by Philip Thornton

Philip Thornton

CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change - Agriculture and Food Security

Leslie Lipper

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN

Date Written: April 11, 2014

Abstract

The negative effects of climate change are projected to affect the populations with the least capacity to adjust, but with the greatest need for improved agricultural performance to achieve food security and reduce poverty. The purpose of the paper is to identify how climate change affects how we should approach the process of transforming agricultural systems (including crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry) to support global food security and poverty reduction in a sustainable way. We also identify implications for FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and CGIAR priorities.

To achieve this goal, we identify and discuss five major categories of responses within agricultural transitions that can be taken to respond to climate change: 1) increasing the resilience of production systems, 2) diversification, 3) expanding the use of no regrets technologies and planning, 4) better use of information for risk management, and 5) utilizing the co-benefits from mitigation. The urgency of reducing food insecurity together with the need for immediate responses to climate change impels us to define mechanisms, actions and approaches to stimulate desired transitions.

Keywords: Climate change, evaluation, food security, Poverty, Nutrition, economic growth, Agricultural development, Agricultural policies, Climate-smart agriculture, Adaptation, Mitigation, agricultural transformation, monitoring

Suggested Citation

Thornton, Philip and Lipper, Leslie, How Does Climate Change Alter Agricultural Strategies to Support Food Security? (April 11, 2014). IFPRI Discussion Paper 01340. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2423763 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2423763

Philip Thornton (Contact Author)

CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change - Agriculture and Food Security ( email )

Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Leslie Lipper

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
Italy

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