Opportunities and Limits of Participation – CDM Criticism in the UN Climate Change Negotiations
"Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Partizipation – CDM-Kritik in den UN-Klimaverhandlungen" in: Voss, Martin (ed), 2010, Der Klimawandel – Sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektiven, edited by Martin Voss. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag, pp. 117-132
15 Pages Posted: 1 May 2014
Date Written: November 12, 2010
In the political struggle for finding a solution for the global climate crisis participation of civil society voices is explicitly invited. Accordingly, civil society – and in particular environmental non- governmental organisations (ENGOs) – has contributed to this process from its beginnings. The present chapter will consider how this participation operates in an area which is controversial to differing degrees both within and outwith the UN climate change negotiations: the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
To begin, the first section shall briefly illustrate the development of UN climate change politics and introduce the CDM concept. Next, the main streams of criticism of the trade with emission certificates and particularly the CDM will be presented, whereby the concept of ‘additionality’ of emission certificates will receive particular attention. Finally, opportunities and limits of the participation of ENGOs in the climate change negotiations will be discussed using the example of CDM criticism.
Keywords: CDM, climate change, carbon trading, UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, ENGO, environmental NGOs, climate policy
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