The Impact of Adolescent Motherhood on Education in Chile

41 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2014

See all articles by Matias Berthelon

Matias Berthelon

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We analyze the effect of having a child in adolescence on high school completion, educational attainment, and college enrollment in a developing country setting using nine repeated rounds of Chilean household surveys that span the 1990–2009 period. We control for selection bias and household unobservables of teen motherhood with two approaches: different estimation methods – propensity score matching and family fixed effects for a large sub-sample of sisters – and three different samples. Results reveal that adolescent motherhood reduces the probability of high school completion by between 18 to 37 percent. Furthermore, effects are heterogeneous across education groups: teen motherhood has larger negative effects on high school completion and years of schooling among poor and low-education households. Our results imply that policies aimed at reducing early childbearing will have important short-term effects on young women's education outcomes.

Keywords: education, teen pregnancy, adolescent motherhood, youth, high school, Chile

JEL Classification: O15, J13, I25

Suggested Citation

Berthelon, Matias and Kruger, Diana I., The Impact of Adolescent Motherhood on Education in Chile. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8072. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2424171

Matias Berthelon (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso ( email )

Avenida Brasil 2950
Casilla 4059, Valparaiso, 2362736
Chile
56-32-27-33-52 (Phone)
56-32-27-34-24 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucv.cl

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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