Technology Transfer Effectiveness in Knowledge-Based Centers Providing a Model Based on Knowledge Management
International Journal of Scientific Knowledge, March 2014, Vol. 4, No. 7
16 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 12, 2014
The present paper attempts to identify factors and variables affecting designing technology in knowledge-based centers in order to study their relations and; ultimately, to provide a model based on research data. To achieve this aim, technology transfer process capabilities, knowledge management, technology transfer effectiveness and constituting variables/indicators should be preliminarily and separately identified, and then the impact of knowledge management on capability of technology transfer process and its effectiveness should be measured in Iranian universities. The research method is descriptive of correlation type. In this research, using a simple stochastic method, 151 active people in technology transfer were selected from among Iranian knowledge-based centers. The data for the research were collected through questionnaires. Confirmed construct and factorial analysis were used to determine the validity, and for reliability, Chronbach alpha was employed. In order to study the relationship between research variables and to study hypotheses, the modeling of structural equations has been used with the help of SPSS and AMOS software. Findings indicate that knowledge management impacts on technology transfer effectiveness in knowledge-based centers. Likewise, knowledge management relates to technology transfer effectiveness via technology transfer capabilities. Studying the impact of each variable on technology transfer effectiveness indicates that knowledge capability followed by knowledge management and technological capabilities are the key factors and facilitators, and as a mitigating factor, organizational capability has the highest impact on technology transfer effectiveness.
Keywords: knowledge management, organizational capability, technological capability, knowledge capability, technology transfer
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