Workforce Reductions at Women-Owned Businesses in the United States
Posted: 18 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 1, 2014
The authors find that privately held firms owned by women were less likely than those owned by men to downsize their workforces during the Great Recession. Year-to-year employment reductions were as much as 29% smaller at women-owned firms, even after controlling for industry, size, and profitability. Using data that allow the authors to control for additional detailed firm and owner characteristics, they also find that women-owned firms operated with greater labor intensity after the previous recession and were less likely to hire temporary or leased workers. These patterns extend previous findings associating female business leadership with increased labor hoarding.
Keywords: gender, female business leaders, workforce reductions, labor hoarding, business values
JEL Classification: J16, J63
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation