Globalization of Auditing
Routledge Companion to Auditing, edited by David Hay, W. Robert Knechel and Marleen Willekens, 2013
Posted: 17 Apr 2014
Date Written: July 19, 2013
To audit global clients, auditing has been transformed into a global profession. This has been driven by client demand for provision of co-ordinated services wherever they may be required. At the same time, additional regulation in the form of international auditing standards, requirements to report on the governance of audit firms and extraterritorial laws requiring audit firm inspections have been implemented demonstrating the interconnectedness of global, regional and national influences on the audit profession. The structure of the global audit market has changed significantly as a result of mergers and by collapse, with a reduction in the number of largest firms serving global clients from the Big 8 in the late 1980s to the Big 4 by the early 21st century. These large audit firms are structured as networks as this enables these national partnerships to expand under a common brand name to deliver services across the globe whilst preserving legal separation for national offices in the presence of significant litigation risk for audit professionals. Key concerns of regulators include audit quality across countries (especially in countries where the quality of legal institutions is weak), across audit firm networks as well as auditing of multinationals and cross-border transactions. There are many opportunities for research examining these issues using varying units of analysis, and employing a variety of methodological approaches.
Keywords: audit, audit firms, globalization, networks
JEL Classification: M49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation