Trade Integration and Business Cycle Synchronization: A Reappraisal with Focus on Asia
47 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2014
Date Written: April 2014
This paper reexamines the relationship between trade integration and business cycle synchronization (BCS) using new value-added trade data for 63 advanced and emerging economies during 1995–2012. In a panel framework, we identify a strong positive impact of trade intensity on BCS - conditional on various controls, global common shocks and country-pair heterogeneity - that is absent when gross trade data are used. That effect is bigger in crisis times, pointing to trade as an important crisis propagation mechanism. Bilateral intra-industry trade and trade specialization correlation also appear to increase co-movement, indicating that not only the intensity but also the type of trade matters. Finally, we show that dependence on Chinese final demand in value-added terms amplifies the international spillovers and synchronizing impact of growth shocks in China.
Keywords: Trade integration, Asia, China, Business cycles, Economic growth, Spillovers, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Cross country analysis, Value Added, Business Cycle Synchronization, Asia., trade intensity, industry trade, trade data, impact of trade, bilateral trade, vertical integration, trade variables, supply chain, gross exports, impact of trade integration, output growth, intermediate goods, global shocks, trade partners, factor analysis, partner countries, import tariff, intermediate imports, trade dependence, international trade, average import tariff, balance of payments, intermediate inputs, regional trade, idiosyncratic factors, world economy, partner country, exchange rate pol
JEL Classification: E32, F42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation