Constitutional Rights and Proportionality

Revus - Journal for Constitutional Theory and Philosophy of Law (2014) 22. 51-65

17 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2014 Last revised: 11 Jul 2014

See all articles by Robert Alexy

Robert Alexy

University of Kiel - Faculty of Law

Date Written: April 19, 2014


There are two basic views concerning the relationship between constitutional rights and proportionality analysis. The first maintains that there exists a necessary connection between constitutional rights and proportionality, the second argues that the question of whether constitutional rights and proportionality are connected depends on what the framers of the constitution have actually decided, that is, on positive law. The first thesis may be termed ‘necessity thesis’, the second ‘contingency thesis’. According to the necessity thesis, the legitimacy of proportionality analysis is a question of the nature of constitutional rights, according to the contingency thesis, it is a question of interpretation. The article defends the necessity thesis.

Keywords: principles theory, proportionality analysis, constitutional rights, necessary connection, human rights, dual nature

Suggested Citation

Alexy, Robert, Constitutional Rights and Proportionality (April 19, 2014). Revus - Journal for Constitutional Theory and Philosophy of Law (2014) 22. 51-65. Available at SSRN:

Robert Alexy (Contact Author)

University of Kiel - Faculty of Law ( email )

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