'Not Just a Common Criminal': The Case for Sentencing Mitigation Videos

50 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2014

See all articles by Regina Austin

Regina Austin

University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Date Written: April 15, 2014


Sentencing mitigation or sentencing videos are a form of visual legal advocacy that is produced on behalf of defendants for use in the sentencing phases of criminal cases (from charging to clemency). The videos are typically short (5 to 10 minutes or so) nonfiction films that explore a defendant’s background, character, and family situation with the aim of raising factual and moral issues that support the argument for a shorter or more lenient sentence. Very few examples of mitigation videos are in the public domain and available for viewing. This article provides a complete analysis of the constituent elements of these videos, particularly their narrative structure. It raises strategic considerations that are pertinent to the decision to use a video during the sentencing process and explores questions of image ethics that can arise when a defendant’s children and parents are enlisted as video witnesses. Finally and most importantly, it addresses the hearsay challenges that not only present obstacles to the admission of sentencing videos in formal sentencing proceedings, but also impact the weight they are accorded in general.

Keywords: Criminal procedure, criminal defense, criminology, law and society, victim impact statements, punishment, documentary films, standards and admissibility of evidence, character witnesses, law and visual narrative, storytelling, film production

Suggested Citation

Austin, Regina, 'Not Just a Common Criminal': The Case for Sentencing Mitigation Videos (April 15, 2014). U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-19, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2427328

Regina Austin (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School ( email )

3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

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