How Do Regional Headquarters Influence Corporate Decisions in Networked MNCs?
Journal of International Management, 2012
31 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2014 Last revised: 28 Apr 2014
Date Written: September 1, 2012
In networked MNCs where knowledge and power are distributed, corporate strategy processes benefit from input arising from many different levels of the organization. Recently, the regional (i.e., supra-national) level has been emphasized as an important additional source of knowledge and input, and as a bridge between local subsidiaries and global corporate headquarters. This paper builds theory on the antecedents to regional headquarters' influence on corporate decisions (i.e., organizational, behavioral, and motivational). Based on a survey of regional headquarters in Europe and their relations with MNC headquarters, we provide empirical evidence that a regional headquarters' autonomy and signaling behavior have significant effects on its influence on corporate strategy. Furthermore, we find support for our hypothesis that the regional headquarters' charter moderates such bottom-up influence.
Keywords: Headquarter value-added, Networked MNC, Upwards influence
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